UK civil air display review : final report - CAP 1400
Édition : CAP 1400 April 2016
Langue : ANGLAIS
Thème : SECURITE AERIENNE
Commentaire : Executive summary - Protecting the public is at the heart of everything that the CAA does and we constantly work to enhance aviation safety standards. The purpose of our comprehensive review of UK civil air displays has been to assess whether it is possible to minimise further the risks at and around civil air displays in the UK.
2. The full terms of reference, including the governance structure, for the CAA's Review of UK Civil Air Displays can be found in Appendix A of this report as well as on the CAA website at www.caa.co.uk/Safety-initiatives-and-resources/Safety-projects/Airshow-review/CAA-review-of-public-air-display-arrangements-in-the-UK/. A timeline for the Review is on page 10.
3. This is the Civil Aviation Authority's (CAA) third report from our review. This report follows the Progress Report1 published in October 2015 and the Action Report2 published in January this year. This report contains summaries of both those reports (see pages 16-17). Full copies of both reports can be found on the CAA website www.caa.co.uk.
4. This report sets out a further 13 actions that we require air show organisers and others to carry out for the 2016 display season (see pages 11-13 for the full list). These actions build on those we announced in our Action Report. This report also provides detail of the longer-term programme of work to reduce risks relating to the airworthiness of ex-military jet aircraft that perform manoeuvres at UK civil air displays.
5. Additional requirements in this report include actions:
§ to strengthen the competency of pilots performing aerobatic manoeuvres in civil registered, ex-military jet aircraft;
§ to increase the distance between the display line and crowd line where high-energy manoeuvres are being carried out;
§ to increase the minimum altitude at which high-energy manoeuvres must take place;
§ to revise flying display weather minima;
§ to strengthen post-display reporting requirements for FDDs, to reflect the importance of feedback and reporting from air displays; and
§ to strengthen the medical standards and the medical certification process for flying display pilots.
6. It also sets out our plans for increasing awareness and management of the inherent risks of human error in air display flying.
7. Our work on specific guidance for night air displays continues, as does our work on the additional risks that formation flying may pose. We plan to publish the results of this work as soon as possible. Flying displays are currently permitted up to 30 minutes past official sunset, which is the UK time definition of when night starts. We will continue to accept applications for displays up to 30 minutes past sunset, and approve them subject to other safety criteria being met. However, the risks associated with night displays are higher than those associated with daylight and dusk displays, and therefore require detailed analysis. Until that work is completed, and guidance is published in our publication 'Flying Displays and special events: A guide to safety and administrative arrangements', we will not approve any requests for a permission to hold a night air display.
8. Though this is formally the final report of the review, it is not the end of the process. We will review all the actions we announced in January and those we are announcing in this report in the light of the recommendations made by the Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) in their Safety Bulletins.
9. On Friday 8 April we published our response3 to the AAIB Special Bulletin S4/20154, which was published by the AAIB on 21 December 2015. The AAIB's Special Bulletin highlighted findings of the AAIB investigation regarding ejection seat safety and the maintenance of ex-military jet aircraft.
10. We will also review any recommendations made by the AAIB in the Final Report into the causes of the tragic accident at the Shoreham Air Show on the 22 August 2015, and carefully consider the outcome of Sussex Police's ongoing investigation into the accident and the inquest opened by the West Sussex Coroner.
11. For ease of reference a list of CAA and UK civil air displays' commonly used terms and abbreviations is provided at Appendix D (pages 60-64).
URL Internet : http://publicapps.caa.co.uk/docs/33/CAP%201400%20APR16v2.pdf